Marijuana became world-famous in the early 1960s thanks to the “hippie” culture. However, not many people today know all about marijuana, cannabis, CBD, and the fact that the marijuana plant was used and used by ancient tribes as medicine, food, and for many other purposes. Because of its immense popularity in the world, marijuana has dozens of names.
All about marijuana, from the effects of smoking to its use in medicine
What are cannabis, hashish, and marijuana?
Cannabis is a plant that grows quite quickly, with a serious root system, dense foliage, inflorescences, and very sturdy stems. There are Cannabis Sativa, Indica, Ruderalis varieties. The cannabis plant itself is fairly undemanding and grows in many warm climates. The use of cannabis has its origins in ancient times when people used it as a production raw material for the production of materials and fabric, thread, ropes for ships, and from the seeds of the hemp pressed oil (one of the most useful in the world), used as a medicine. All about the effects of marijuana.
Marijuana is a drug made from the dried cone-like flowers and leaves of the cannabis Sativa or Indica plant. Marijuana itself contains more than 60 psychoactive substances called “cannabinoids.” The most important of these are Cannabinol, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Cannabidiol, Cannabichromene, Cannabigerol, and others. The most valuable and important constituent in marijuana is Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC for short.
Chemical name: Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Chemical formula: C21H30O2
Hashish – One of the popular derivatives of cannabis is “hashish”. This is so-called “plasticine” which is obtained from the resin secreted by cannabis to protect from the scorching sunlight. Hashish also has other slang names: hash, gash, plasticine.
Hemp cones – slang names often include “cones,” “bushy.” These are the fibrous flowers on the plant, similar in appearance to cones. This part of the marijuana plant contains the highest content of psychoactive substances and is considered the most valuable.
The effects of cannabis on the human condition
Smoking – The effects of cannabis when smoked are often immediate. The greatest effect is achieved within half an hour and lasts from 2 to 5 hours. Each variety of cannabis is different and has its own characteristics, so the effects of cannabis can be completely different when consumed by different varieties.
Food Consumption – In addition to smoking, marijuana is widely consumed in food and beverages. The effects of marijuana, when consumed in this way, are greatly enhanced and extend the time of action from 5 to 12 hours.
Cannabis Sativa varieties of marijuana – act as a slowing effect on the human body, nevertheless allowing you to stay active and cheerful.
Cannabis Indica varieties of marijuana – create a more calming, slowing effect. Smoking “Indica” makes you feel more relaxed, more drowsy, and more peaceful.
The effect of marijuana
When a person uses nothing else but cannabis and excludes alcohol and other narcotic stimulants, marijuana has the most positive effect on the brain and the body as a whole. In a state of marijuana intoxication, one’s sensitivity to everything natural in this world is greatly increased. Colors are perceived much more vividly and beautifully, music is perceived more strongly and effectively. All human organs as if in harmony begin to exist in harmony with the surrounding world. Plants, paintings, architecture, music, and many other things that normally surround a person get a new look and meaning. Often contemplation evokes an immeasurable sense of delight. The feeling of aggression disappears completely, or is minimally reduced, and most importantly the effect of complete relaxation sets in.
It is worth noting that during the use of marijuana, many people, after a while after taking the drug, have a significantly increased feeling of uncontrollable hunger and dry mouth. Also, subjective perception of the world, control of time, and their thoughts may change. At one moment a person may open his eyes and not understand how he came/is in this place, or he may stop talking and not be able to remember what he was talking about a second ago.
To know for sure everything about marijuana, it is important to note that using it with alcohol and other drugs, can bring the negative effects of smoking. Feelings of fear, panic, anxiety, or disorientation may appear. But the good news is that such an effect can always be removed with a cup of hot tea with sugar, fresh air, or after a light soothing conversation.
The harms of marijuana
Positive and Negative Effects of Marijuana on the Human Body.
When marijuana is used with alcohol and other drugs, as well as a severe allergic reaction, the effects can be unpredictable. Vomiting, fainting, lethargy, and ringing in the ears can occur. Smoking also affects the respiratory system, so even if a person has not used anything other than cannabis, there may be a momentary burning sensation in the throat, complications in the respiratory tract, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Regarding mental effects, experts disagree. The effect of marijuana on the brain, and therefore on the overall mental state of the body, is completely different for each person. It depends on the overall mental and psychological state of the person.
Some studies and scientists say that the regular use of marijuana contributes to the development of mental illness of various kinds of psychosis and schizophrenia. Such illnesses can develop in people who have severe psychological trauma and genetic predisposition. But of course, the main negative side of smoking marijuana is a possible next step to more serious drugs. In our opinion, such negative moments happen because a person who was able to buy pot illegally, interested “dealers” will definitely offer other, heavier, and more pernicious types of narcotic substances. In countries where marijuana is legalized and sold in special facilities for medical purposes, the rate of smokers using anything else is dozens of times lower than in countries where cannabis is illicitly trafficked.
Addiction to cannabis is a slow process, and tolerance to one kind of cannabis is usually easily reversed by the use of a different variety. Nevertheless, with regular and prolonged use, marijuana is addictive. Abrupt withdrawal can lead to feelings of irritability and aggression, apathy and a loss of appetite, as well as insomnia. But the positive point is that a person will not experience such feelings for more than 2-3 days. After that, all the negative moments disappear along with the unrestrained desire to smoke cannabis.
World Laws and Marijuana
The world culture only partially accepts and legalizes marijuana. Many countries prohibit the cultivation, use, and sale of cannabis and cannabis derivatives. Nevertheless, there are countries that partly control and prohibit only the cultivation of marijuana and for example, the use for personal use is not forbidden. It is allowed in Australia, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
For example, Jamaica is the birthplace of marijuana, and here it is officially recognized as part of the national heritage, but despite this, the sale of marijuana is prohibited.
Problems and Consequences of smoking marijuana
- Impaired coordination of directed actions and movements;
- Increased reaction time to what is said, seen, heard;
- Significant impairment or loss of short-term memory;
- The decline in visual acuity, as well as the destruction of color reproduction;
- Atrophy of the retina and optic nerve is possible.
The potential uses of marijuana
- Therapeutic or therapeutic uses In cancer patients, marijuana improves appetite and taste bud function.
- Smoking cannabis relieves PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder, and the clamps of war.
- Pain relief and PMS relief.
- Smoking cannabis significantly reduces the symptoms of neuropathic pain.
- Cannabis extract relieves painful shock and symptoms after complex surgery.
- Marijuana helps to partially relieve or alleviate the symptom of spasticity.
- Cannabis extract is used in Sativex spray, to treat patients with multiple sclerosis. It is approved in the United Kingdom.
- The active ingredients in cannabis, help stop the growth of prostate cancer.
- Marijuana use can protect seniors from osteoporosis.
- Cannabis relieves symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis.
Although there are countries where medicinal cannabis is legalized, only those who need it for medicinal purposes will be able to appreciate its benefits. There are a variety of opinions regarding the legal status of cannabis. A number of scientists, as well as patients, especially those who suffer from chronic pain, can see the pros and cons of medical cannabis use more objectively.
Marijuana production is illegal in most countries of the world
This means that its cultivation and production are hidden from public view. Unlike legal drugs or food, there is no public control, but there is a popular black market that encourages the sale of harder drugs. In contrast to this situation, in countries where cannabis is legalized and sold in specialized places, the sale of hard drugs has been virtually eliminated or does not exist at all.