The cannabis plant has many human uses and applications. Cannabis can be both beneficial to man and society, and it can also have negative and sometimes even harmful qualities. One of the most popular and enjoyable cannabis derivatives for many is marijuana. Hemp can be used in medicine, agriculture, or for example in cooking, but it is about the effects of marijuana on the body when smoked further on.
The effects of marijuana on the body
When smoked for long periods of time, cannabis irrevocably has a certain effect on the body, the mind, and the general physical condition of the person. The nature and duration of the effects of cannabis depend on each individual case and are determined by key characteristics such as frequency of smoking, method of smoking, amount of use, variety of cannabis used, and individual predisposition.
The Effects of Marijuana on the Body and Physical Condition
- The effects of marijuana on the brain. There is evidence and research proving a decrease in short-term memory in cannabis smokers. This effect can occur with the first use of marijuana and all subsequent uses. This factor depends solely on the mental capacity of the individual and is widespread among cannabis smokers.
This is due to the impairment of the vascular capacity which, as a result of spasm, can shrink and cause slight swelling. Regular and frequent use can cause serious damage to the cerebral cortex, as the concentration of such edema in the brain impairs nutrition and leads to the death of nerve cells and endings. Inveterate smokers, over time, observe a regular loss of short-term memory and problems with concentration. As a result, a smoker who does not develop memory and intelligence is significantly weakened and diminished mental capacity.
- The effects of marijuana on the male body and reproductive system. Despite the fact that many have noticed such a positive effect as an increase in sexual activity, smoking marijuana has another very dangerous side to it. The body of the smoker is subject to the possibility of pathological influence, there is a possibility of pathological delay of ejaculation. Regular use of marijuana leads to a decrease in sperm activity, as well as decreases the total number of sperm production. Spermatozoa lose the ability to penetrate the protective shell into the egg, thus reducing the possibility of fertilization to a minimum.
- The effects of marijuana on a woman’s body. Female cannabis smokers expose themselves to impaired ovulation. High levels of cannabis reduce sperm production, affect sperm motility, and in women disrupt ovulation.
- The effects of marijuana on a person’s lungs. Many sources claim negative effects on human lungs. Since many smokers, in an effort to get a greater effect from cannabis smoke, retain it in the lungs for a long time, this leads to the deposition of tar in no less quantity than from tobacco.
The airways in the body are narrowed and there is a possibility of emphysema developing. Coughing and hoarseness that become chronic are some of the consequences of smoking cannabis.
- The effects of cannabis use can impair the coordination of movements, cause dry mouth, red eyes, a feeling of intense hunger, and an absolute change in the overall physical condition of a person.
- Some studies have shown a decrease in the body’s defenses and a greater susceptibility to disease. Acting as an immunosuppressant, the herb can expose the human body to bacteria and viral diseases.
The effects of marijuana on people and their psyche
- Cannabis is addictive! And this is a fact. Many smokers do not want to take it and may argue that there is no addiction at all, but after reading about the common feelings during the absence of marijuana, many will be able to recognize themselves. So, the inaccessibility of marijuana for the long-term smoker causes discomfort in the heart area, headaches, irritation, short-term treads of aggression, inability to concentrate on anything, laziness, and passivity. These feelings may last for 2-3 days, and when they expire, “life gets better again. If you overcome the negativity of a few days, you can get rid of the addiction, because you no longer feel physical and mental discomfort. It is important to note that small and extremely rare use of marijuana does not lead to addiction, unlike regular smoking for a long period.
- The development of psychosis. People who are physically handicapped and have a predisposition to mental disorders can have serious consequences of smoking marijuana, even in minimal doses. Psychosis often occurs and schizophrenia can develop.
- Feelings of fear and unreasonable anxiety are also negative consequences of pot use.
Special cells – neurons – are responsible for processing information in our brains. Neurotransmitters are a group of chemicals that enable neurons to interact with each other. Neurotransmitters fill the existing gaps between neurons and immediately attach themselves to protein receptors that are directly responsible for the functional abilities of the human body. Some of the neurons contain thousands of receptors that are specific to each neurotransmitter. Foreign bodies entering the human body have the ability to mimic or block the actions of neurotransmitters, and as a result, prevent our body from performing its functions.
There are several groups of cannabinoid receptors in our brain. These receptors directly affect human mental and physical activity. Specifically on:
- Motion coordination.
- Short-term memory.
As we know, cannabinoid receptors are actuated by a neurotransmitter called anandamide. Tetrahydrocannabinol mimics the action of anandamide. By attaching to the cannabinoid receptors, tetrahydrocannabinol begins to activate neurons that produce negative effects on the human body.
A large number of cannabinoid receptors are located in the cerebral cortex, subcortical nodes, and hippocampus. Located in the temporal lobe of the brain, the hippocampus is responsible for the functioning of short-term memory. Once tetrahydrocannabinol begins to interact with cannabinoid receptors within the hippocampus, then the reproduction of recent events is impaired after this interaction. Also, tetrahydrocannabinol affects the coordination of movements, for which the cerebral cortex is responsible. Subcortical nodes control unconscious muscle movements, and when a person takes marijuana, they have impaired movement coordination.
The average time for THC to leave a smoker’s body is up to ten days, and the drug’s complete withdrawal from the body is up to three months.
During long-term and periodic smoking, cannabis irreversibly has a certain effect on the body, thoughts, and overall physical condition of a person. The nature and duration of the effects of cannabis depend on each individual case and are determined by such key characteristics as the periodicity of smoking, method of smoking, the quantity of use, variety of cannabis used, individual predisposition.