THC is an important constituent of cannabis. Marijuana is a plant that has dozens of uses and one of them is the chemical formula THC, which has found its way into medicine. Let’s understand in detail what THC is, and more importantly, what effects it has on the human body and condition.
All about what THC is and its application
What is THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)? This is the most biologically active substance in cannabis. In total, cannabis contains about 400 different compounds, more than 60 of which were first discovered in it, so they are called “cannabinoids”.
THC molecules are able to interact with so-called cannabinoid receptors in the human brain. These receptors are found in neurons and are activated by chemicals called neurotransmitters, designed to transmit information. Cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the brain, but their greatest concentration is in the centers responsible for thinking, memory, pleasure, coordination of movement and sense of time. Under normal conditions, these receptors interact with neurotransmitters called “anandamides.
Anandamide (Sanskrit for “inner bliss”) has a wide arsenal of functions: it plays an important role in creating short-term connections between neurons; it is responsible for both remembering and forgetting processes; it takes part in creating feelings of pleasure; it is responsible for feelings of hunger; it is responsible for shaping pain sensations. Like THC in the blood, anandamide is part of a class of cannabinoids, but the difference is that anandamide activates the right receptors by interacting with them, whereas THC by attaching to neurons disrupts this connection.
How to Increase THC in Marijuana and What It Depends on
The highest concentration of THC is in the female, unpollinated plant, Sensemilla, in the inflorescences and, to a lesser extent, in the leaves and the stem. It is completely absent in the root system and seeds. The percentage depends largely on the species and variety of cannabis. You should also keep in mind that in the living plant, the THC is in its acidic form (THCA) and has no psychoactive effects. And only after proper drying at an elevated temperature, the carbon dioxide is stripped away and the THC molecules decompose into the THC compound. This process of changing from one substance to another is called decarboxylation.
THC is a drug and acts as a narcotic – in moderate quantities (for each individual) it awakens creativity, opens your eyes to the real state of affairs, raises your spirits, inspires and elevates you.
Noticeably increases the concentration on any one activity (music, drawing, observation, reflection, etc.), and at the same time greatly reduces the ability to concentrate on several activities simultaneously. That’s why you shouldn’t use marijuana before and during responsible, dangerous work (driving, construction, rescue work, logging, etc.)
Medical use of THC
The synthetic extract of THC is getting more and more popular in medical practice as an effective and cheap analogue of many expensive drugs. In many countries of Western Europe, the U.S. and Canada it has long been used to alleviate the effects of chemotherapy, weight loss, a number of mental illnesses, etc.
So why does cannabis produce such an amazing chemical:
- THC is the female sex hormone of cannabis;
- Hemp in its natural habitat prefers to grow at high altitudes and THC probably helps absorb radiation without harming the plant;
- THC has antibiotic and antibacterial properties (protection against disease and pests);
- We can even assume that cannabis has symbiotic relationships with humans and animals (the latter also happen to have cannabinoid receptors).