In order to grow marijuana outdoors perfectly and for the grower to be able to harvest a decent crop after the season, it is important to follow a number of planting and care rules.
The information below has been proven through years of experience and is based on the recommendations of millions of growers around the world. It doesn’t matter if you’re growing technical or psychoactive, they all work the same way. Stick to the rules below and you won’t end up sad at the end of the season with a quality outdoors growing method.
If you decide to grow marijuana outdoors stick to these tips and you’ll be happy with quality cannabis after just a few months.
Secrets of how to grow marijuana outdoors
A preparatory plan for how to grow cannabis outdoors:
- Determining the climate and accordingly further grovelling methods
- Choosing the location
- Choosing the containers and the soil (in case of growing on a balcony, etc.)
- Choosing the seeds for growing outdoors
- Fertilizer choice
- Determining to water and protecting the plants
Climatic conditions for growing marijuana
Pay attention to the weather conditions.
The primary deciding factor in how cannabis is grown outdoors is the climate of the region in which it will be planted. Cannabis plants are fairly undemanding, but extreme growing conditions have a devastating effect on the final product.
The temperature of +30°C, for example, which is almost always the case, stops the growth of cannabis, whereas the opposite is true: the lack of temperature and constant temperature regimes of +10°C will damage the plant and it will not grow at all. And also rains and strong winds are bad for every variety. Too much humidity either kills the plant completely or leads to leaf mould, which practically amounts to its death or partial destruction.
Pay attention to the time zone.
The duration of day and night in the region where you will be growing marijuana is also a very key factor. If you understand this point, you can know when it is better to plant in the ground, so they grow in the best conditions and the correct biological cycle. Also, if you know the length of day and night in a particular region, it will help to decide on late growing. For example, grooving from summer and moving into fall.
Selecting the final cannabis planting location outdoors
Planting marijuana outdoors in fields and forests
If you are planning to plant marijuana for cultivation in places far from populated areas, be careful about such things:
- Choose uninhabited areas. Maximum distance from populated areas is the key to success. The ideal option would be if you are well versed in the area and know exactly what through the planting will never go fishermen, hunters, shepherds and tourists. It won’t hurt to familiarize yourself with a map of the area beforehand, and an extra hour spent on the road can save your crops and safety.
- Group. Planting a large number of plants in one place, is an easier way to cultivate. However, by planting the marijuana bushes separately and away from each other, you will increase its chances of survival. In the event someone finds one bush, all the others are still yours, which will not happen with a collective planting.
- Camouflage. Planting in an open area in the summer may not be as noticeable as in the fall, when everything around is yellowed with fallen leaves and the marijuana is nice and green. In such situations, marijuana bushes are visible from afar and will not leave passersby indifferent. To avoid theft, camouflage plants near evergreens. For example, next to spruce trees, a marijuana bush will not be visible from afar.
- Carefully inspect the soil around the planting site. Most often, planting young marijuana plants outdoors takes place in early spring. At this time, the field plants are still just beginning to grow and the planting area seems completely empty. However, it may turn out to be far from that after just a few months. Once the growers arrive to see how the “babies” are doing, they find a riot of vegetation on the site of the previous planting. Fortunately, if all the young cannabis sprouts can be found and freed from the weeds. But it often happens that cannabis plants get lost in the local greenery and die without light!
- Choose an organic fertilizer – nettles. On the advice of experienced growers from forums about growing marijuana in the open ground, we learned that the soil under the nettle has the most favorable level and ph, and in general nettles grow on fairly clean terrain. So when choosing a place to plant in a woodland and field circle, don’t be lazy to rip off the nettles and plant the young marijuana plants right into that soil.
- Protect the plants from wind and sun. Planting cannabis in a clear field is popular, but only very vigorous cannabis plants and not all grow in such places. But if you care about the seeds and the time you spend on tending them, look for a better place. The marijuana plants will grow much better near different shrubs and ravines, and if in the hot summer the sun hits the plants in the morning and after the heat in the evening, they will grow strong and vigorous. In contrast, planting in direct sunlight will simply destroy your sprouts!
Growing marijuana outside – garden, vegetable garden, balcony
When growing marijuana on your own indoor property, growers have great opportunities for quality care. The important thing here is to stick to the climatic conditions and not to plant the bushes under the scorching rays of the sun, pick a suitable soil for the germination and rooting phase of the plants, and close the bushes from the prying eyes of neighbors and passersby. Bear in mind that some cannabis plants can grow to a length of up to four meters when deciding which strain to grow.
When planting directly into the soil in the garden, try to do so closer to fences and other shrubs. This protects the plant from the constant heat of the sun and from strong gusts of wind. Keep in mind that any kind of marijuana needs at least 5-6 hours of sunlight, so far into the shade the plant is also unnecessary to hide.
But if you have a very hot climate you must choose a well-ventilated area (but the water consumption will be higher). And if you live in a cool climate, planting on the southern side, near a fence, house or brick wall will be good for the plant, because it will help keep heat in and protect it (you shouldn’t do this in a hot climate).
Also, growing hash outside can take place in ordinary containers and pots. In this case, it is important to choose the right soil and a large container, so that the plant has somewhere to develop its powerful root system.
Growing marijuana in a greenhouse
Separately, I want to say about the conditions of cultivation in a greenhouse. This method gives the most powerful results. The ratio of humidity, temperature, and amount of sunlight, works phenomenally. With quality growing conditions in the greenhouse and regular watering, growers grow the most powerful bushes with which the kids from grow boxes or open ground can never be compared! But it’s important to remember that growing in a greenhouse, method is quite dangerous since everything is in full view of curious neighbors and passers-by. Do not forget about safety!
Soil for planting marijuana outdoors
Since the soil usually consists of clay, sand, and silt, better soil must be prepared for the initial stage of planting. The little marijuana sprouts are very fastidious and actually, at the first stage of growth, the further quality of the plant and the final product is laid down. The best way to grow cannabis outdoors is with cannabis plants that are a week old and mature.
So you don’t have to wonder how to grow marijuana outside and why it doesn’t grow well, it’s important to plant it in loose, slightly acidic soil right away.
How to plant cannabis depending on the soil:
- Clay soil. In the case of planting plants in such soil, it is necessary to make preliminary preparations. A month or two before planting the sprouts, dig planting holes and mix the soil with manure, bio humus, compost, and other organic fertilizers. This method will promote greater aeration of the soil (which is a huge problem for clay soil), as well as these fertilizers, which are excellent drainage and recharge.
- Sandy soil. Despite the fact that the sandy soil is a pleasure to work with, such soil quickly heats up, dries quickly, and weakly retains nutrients – it must be diluted. To do this also a month or two before planting, holes are dug and enriched with nutrient solutions, peat, compost. Also, sandy soil perfectly interacts with coconut fiber. It is necessary to combine all components in equal portions and mix thoroughly. This method will create good aeration of the soil, but all the additional fertilizers that will be added during growth will remain in the soil. In case your planting is in a hot climate, mulching the soil will not be superfluous. This will help moisture stay in the soil longer and protect it from pests.
- Silt soil. It is considered the most fertile and favorable. Such soil has a dark color and crumbly structure. It maintains heat well, as it heats up fairly quickly. At the same time, muddy soil is an excellent moisture retainer. Such soil is good for drainage and in itself contains quite a lot of nutrients. Such soil can be obtained from the bottom of a lake or river.
How to choose a container or pot for marijuana
It’s very simple here – the power and size of a plant are directly related to the size of the pot it’s in. By developing a strong root system in a big pot, the plant also develops its foliage system and flowers. Accordingly, the bigger the pot, the bigger the fruit. Of course, there are tricks to growing large plants in small pots, but this still needs to be learned.
Most often, the optimal size is 20 liters, and for growing monsters – 40 liters.
Marijuana seeds for the open field
In order to get a decent end product in the form of succulent buds, it is necessary to carefully select seeds that will suit the climate and terrain. Before you decide to buy seeds for the outdoors, there are a few things you should know about selecting your variety:
- In a region with September frosts. In such an area, it is better to use auto-flowering varieties. With diligence and proper preparation, you can be able to do planting and harvesting twice.
- In a region with short summers and rainfall. Photoperiodic varieties which have a short flowering period will do well in such an area.
It is no secret that the pure Sativa takes the longest to bloom. It has a flowering period of more than 13 weeks and blooms on the equinox. This is why you should only plant a Sativa plant in an outdoor area in very warm regions. Otherwise, go for hybrids and Indica, as it blooms really faster + its height is much less.
Popular varieties of marijuana for growing outdoors
Based on data from global seed banks and cannabis cup winners we have compiled a list of popular outdoors varieties:
- Early-blooming varieties from the popular Dutch Passion world seed bank – Passion #1, Purple #1, Shaman, Frisian Dew, Durban Poison, Hollands Hope.
- Popular outdoors varieties of the legendary “Dinafem” bank – Citical Kush, Diesel, and Royal Haze.
- Seeds developed specifically for southern outdoors growing: Serious Seeds bank – Serious 6 variety; Paradise seeds bank – Sweet Purple variety; Pyramid seeds bank – Fresh Candy variety.
- The revolutionary auto-flowering variety Lowryder from Joint Doctor Syed Bank was a unique discovery in its time for growing in the outdoors. It has the ability to grow quickly and with high quality even in regions with very short summers. The Lowryder combines the ruderalis genetic line (which gives it a high endurance potential) with a high THC yield of the selection cannabis genetic line.
Today, a huge number of cid banks offer auto-flowering marijuana varieties. The most popular for outdoors growing is Think Different, Star Ryrer, Auto White Widow – from the Dutch Passion seed bank; the large hybrids Auto Mass or Auto Maxi GOM – from the Grass-o-Matic seed bank.
Outdoor Marijuana Fertilizer
Quality outdoor marijuana care involves fertilizing the soil. Since marijuana requires a lot of nutrients during growth, no organic fertilizer is superfluous. Marijuana most needs phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. Such proportions and what is needed depending on the soil in which the cannabis is grown.
When deciding to buy fertilizer, it is important to make sure that it is specifically for growing in the ground, since many cannabis fertilizers are designed for soil-free cultivation in an enclosed space.
The most popular organic fertilizers for outdoor marijuana are bat guano, blood meal, bone meal, fish meal, and kelp (seaweed) meal.
Watering marijuana plants when growing outdoors
- When it’s very hot.
Growing outdoors involves plenty of watering, especially on hot summer days. On sweltering days, shrubs can average up to 30 liters of water daily.
To ensure less water escapes from the soil far into the ground, experienced growers put rocks and clay substrate in the bottom when planting. When growing in very hot climates, this method is great. Also, a good trick is to create holes around the trunk of the plants so that rainwater flows to the roots. In recent years, growers have also practiced enriching the soil with polymer crystals that hold moisture in the root system.
- When it is very rainy.
If it’s going to be rainy and the soil is marshy, it’s important to take measures to avoid rotting of the root system. Since cannabis roots are very susceptible to fungus and mold, they must not be kept wet and overwatered. This is why you must make hills so that the water can go down and the plants stay up higher. Also, a good method is to add gravel, pebbles and perlite to the soil.
The water to be watered should have a neutral ph level. Water that is too acidic or has a high calcium content will cause irreparable damage to the growth and development of the plants. For this reason, experienced growers check the water initially and filter it if necessary.
Watering should be done as needed and as climatic conditions allow. As a rule, with good drainage, the soil in containers dries out much faster than for plants in the open ground. You therefore need to water them more often. Outdoor plants should be watered when the soil dries out to a depth of 3 cm. However, on dry days, you can water every day for both pot plants and outdoor plants. In summer, water the plants early in the morning or as the sun goes down.