Cultivating marijuana and many other plants indoors has many secrets and nuances. If you decide to grow plants indoors or grow marijuana at home, carefully follow the tips listed in the article and assemble a powerful harvester.
About growing marijuana at home step by step
As you know, in many countries, the cultivation of marijuana at home or in another space is forbidden by law and seriously penalized. Nevertheless, there are a number of countries where you can safely grow cannabis in unlimited (or limited) quantities, and you will still be grateful for it. And if you happen to be in a legalistic country, the rules for growing cannabis successfully come in handy.
Even though many experts have confirmed that growing cannabis outdoors is more efficient, people in some countries are in dire need of an indor because of the harsh environmental conditions. In cases where drought or conversely high humidity interfere with active plant growth, growing marijuana at home in a grow box becomes the best method.
How to grow marijuana at home and choose the equipment for growing marijuana:
- Determine a location for the grow box or “grow box.”
- Find the right lighting;
- Take care of ventilation;
- Select soil and fertilizer.
Growing marijuana in an apartment or outdoor pavilion begins with selecting a planting location
Homemade boxes and piece-by-piece cultivation.
Growing cannabis at home opens up a number of possibilities: it can be growing in the bathroom (one bush at the end of a large bathroom does not bother many), growing in a closet, in a computer box, in an old refrigerator, etc. Boxing with their own hands is quite a popular method, and therefore for growing with each passing day opens up more and more possibilities. The main thing here is imagination and hands from the right place. But the important issue when growing indoors, remains ventilation, fresh air circulation, and lighting.
Tips from the experts
When making a homemade box, pay attention to the floor. If the box is on linoleum or wood flooring, place film and other waterproof materials underneath. There is no way to avoid water spills, so it is initially worth protecting the floor. Also, experienced growlers put plastic and plastic boards, foam plastic, and karemats under the box.
When the grow room is created in the basement, it is necessarily important to take care of the insulation of the root system. This requires lifting the plants off the floor and placing them on elevations or hanging them up. The roots freeze very quickly, which leads to poor growth or death of the plant. Cold floor insulation can be Styrofoam insulation that can be fixed to, for example, building pallets. Also, the advantage of this material is its light-reflecting properties. This is invaluable for growing plants.
Marijuana grows box
Growing marijuana in a ready-made grow box from a specialist manufacturer is probably the easiest method. This is where everything is decided for you, and all you have to do is plant the plant, and then enjoy the process. Most of the time grow boxes are already equipped with light, hoods, ventilation, and irrigation system. The only limitation could be the size of the box itself. Often they are made very compact, so a large number of bushes in them can not be planted.
Another option is a grotto. This approach is more convenient, of higher quality, and does not limit the size of the owner. Grouting can be of different sizes, parameters, and they can easily accommodate a large number of plants, even of very large size and length. Grow boxes are very convenient because they initially have holes for the placement of lamps and ventilation, the bottom usually consists of two-layer waterproof material, and the box is closed so tightly that not the slightest light source can get in or leak out. Marijuana and other grow boxes are a good solution for people who like to cultivate at the highest level and without hassle.
When deciding on a location or a room, look at the future parameters of your plants. Manufacturers write about this on the packaging of the seeds. Buying seeds for a place, or selecting a grow room from the calculation of the size of the future plant, will make life much easier for you in the final stages. Initially paying attention to this point, you will not later wonder “how to grow marijuana at home” if the bushes exceeded all expectations.
Lights for growing marijuana at home and eliminating unnecessary light
When indoor cultivating cannabis, it’s important to follow the natural regime by which everything on Earth lives – day and night. It is imperative that your bushes be isolated from any unnecessary light sources, even if it’s just a door slit. Eliminating unnecessary light sources means that when the plants have nightfall, even the light from a streetlamp behind a closed curtain should not disturb the plants and give even the slightest hope of “day”. *** The length of day and night has to be considered particularly carefully during the flowering phase so as not to ruin all the bushes and the work of the previous weeks.
The optimum temperature for marijuana growth is 27 degrees Celsius by day and at least 16 degrees by night (the lower temperatures depend on the individual variety, after all). The optimal humidity level is between 40-80%.
Types of lighting for growing plants:
- ELS bulbs are energy-saving bulbs.
These babies are the most profitable and least energy-consuming type of artificial lighting for bushes. Comparing ELS and halogen lamps, for example, the former is more advantageous because they have a longer life, need to be replaced less often, and naturally draw less energy. However, it is worth noting that during the growing season, halogen lamps create a more favorable spectrum of radiation.
They come in several spectra: blue spectrum (cold) for the growing season, red spectrum (hot) for the flowering period.
Predominantly used in compact grow boxes, to cultivate just a few bushes.
- Sodium lamps – DNAT.
It is a lamp with a spectrum that is as close to natural sunlight. Just the advantage of this type of lamp is their good heat output. This means that in regions with cooler climates when creating an indoor greenhouse you will not have to worry about extra heating or insulation of your plants. Nevertheless, it is important not to overdo it, so as not to dry out the bushes and even more so not to burn them. For the proper operation of DNAT and DRI lamps, additional equipment is required: a starting and regulating device (RG), which converts the mains voltage to the required voltage for the lamps, as well as a pulse ignition device (PSD), which is necessary for the start of the lamp.
The best place for a half-meter distance for a DNAT marijuana cultivation lamp is at least 70 cm for a 1000 W bulb, 40-60 cm for a 600 W bulb, and 40 cm for a 400 W bulb.
- Diode lamps.
An option for growers who plan to growl continuously throughout the year. These lamps are the longest-lasting unless of course, they are the cheapest. When choosing this type of lamp, read reviews on the Internet and choose the option that is most convenient for your conditions and requirements.
During the growing season, experienced growers use halogen and energy-saving lamps, going into flowering mode change the light to sodium lamps. An obligatory condition – plants in vegetation and plants in flowering are divided into two boxes and two different types of lighting are used for their growth. So, the vegetative plants need at least 16 hours of light a day, which the flowering plants do not need at all. In any case, when selecting the type of lighting, you should be more focused on flowering.
Reflector for a DNAT lamp
When creating large greenhouses and grow rooms, you can’t do without reflectors. Their blades help to distribute light evenly throughout the space, without skimping on the plants or concentrating the rays on just one pot. Quality reflectors help all plants get the right amount of light. The light emitted from the lamp is reflected from the reflector into the space to the plants and back again. Thus, a properly placed lamp and reflector can provide several plants with light with absolutely no loss. Mostly mid-priced reflectors, produce 98-99% of the reflected light. Using reflectors saves the budget of buying a large number of lamps when growing a large number of plants.
Why is a homemade reflector for a lamp a bad thing?
More often than not, you will find on the Internet that a reflector can be made from foil and other metallic reflective materials. This option is bad and very bad. Firstly, if you manage to make a neat reflector without the slightest fracture, it will never be able to reflect all the light, much less pass it to the plants, and secondly, and more terrible – creating a reflector yourself, it is difficult not to make dents and bends in the material. And these very bend do irreparable things – they collect light rays in one beam and in the direction where the bend is directed, give off all the light that burns the plant. As a result of such independent elements, growers most often get partially burnt and destroyed bushes.
Ventilation for the grow box
You can’t grow cannabis at home without ventilation. This equipment for growing marijuana at home is almost fundamental. Plants, like all living things, need to circulate fresh air, as well as in indoor growing it is important to get rid of the saturated smell of marijuana. By the way, which, during the blooming period is very intensified.
There is a variety of extraction systems for constant air circulation and odor elimination. More often than not, charcoal filters are used to control odors. In order not to make a mistake, it is important to choose a fan with sufficient capacity that perfectly matches the absorption properties of the filters. Both devices must work at the same capacity: it is important that per minute, one device can filter and the other move equal cubic meters of air.
The soil for cannabis should be selected porous. Heavy or light soils marijuana does not like. For optimal weathering of moisture and free access of oxygen to the roots, it is worth selecting soil of medium density. If you decide to grow cannabis in soil, choose a soil with an optimal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in equal proportions. These components are vital to cannabis. Also, the soil should contain zinc, magnesium, and calcium.
The acid-alkaline balance (pH) of the soil must be 7pH.
Also, a fairly popular method is growing in coconut substrate. Such soil gives good aeration, which eliminates the possibility of root rotting. In coconut, marijuana grows like yeast. But when grown in such soil, you need to worry about special fertilizers for plants in coconut soil.
Fertilizer for marijuana plants at home
Growing marijuana in an enclosed space, it is necessary to worry about additional plant nutrition. However, you must do it very carefully and little by little, because over-fertilize and killing the plants is quite easy. In the first growing season, nitrogen is what marijuana plants need the most. So find a fertilizer with this component in it and sprinkle it in a bit at a time. During the blooming period, it needs more phosphorus. Also, nitrogen, potassium, and other mineral nutrients should be added.
Don’t pour a river of fertilizer if the plant looks wilted or droopy. Pay attention to the condition of the soil, temperature conditions, and access to fresh air. Often the error lies in overwatering the soil or, on the contrary, not caring enough. Adding fertilizer is more of an added bonus for good growth than saving a wilting plant.
Choose organic fertilizers, and most importantly, do a good soil wash at each stage when you change from one fertilizer to another. It is also important at the final stage, before harvesting, to stop adding fertilizer and flush the soil liberally. This will rid the marijuana of fertilizer, excess salts, and an unpleasant taste.
Use quality foreign organic fertilizers and mineral complexes, no chemicals, because what you add to the plant will get into your system one way or another.